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The Pumping Glossary

*We’ve partnered with bamboobies to share strategies to help you as a working, pumping mom. “Breastfeeding” is such a lovely, straightforward term: to feed a baby from the breast. To nuzzle at the bosom. So clear! So easy to comprehend (even if not always as easy to do). When you move to other breastfeeding terms, however, things start to get more complicated. The vocabulary starts sounding more like Harry Potter spells than things associated with milk making: colostrum; prolactin; mastitis (…poof?!). Then you get to breast pumping terminology and things get really weird, as if someone changed the language setting on your TV. Flange? Duckbill? Membrane? Since when did nourishing your baby require such code? Fear not, mamas and mamas-to-be, we who have gone before you are here to help decipher. We’ve partnered with our friends at Bamboobies (talk about a word you didn’t know about before breastfeeding) to talk about pumps, baby, and sort through all those strange terms - and pieces and parts - you need to know when pumping. 1 - Engorgement We’re starting here because you’ll want to have a heads up on this one. Engorgement is a state of fullness when your breasts will likely feel as if they are going to burst. (They might also feel rock solid, and tender to touch.) Engorgement is caused by additional blood and fluid flowing in to prepare breasts for milk production to begin and an increase in milk production itself. It can happen when your milk first comes in, often two to six days after giving birth, or when you go too long between feeds (or pump sessions). If you reach this state, it’s a good time to pull out that pump (and some cabbage leaves). Better yet, try these tips how to help prevent or minimize engorgement. 2 - Hand Express Raise your right hand, place it in a “c” around your breast and squeeze gently toward the areola. This, my mama friends, is called hand expressing. It’s the act of expelling milk manually using your hands and it might just be a breastfeeding mother’s best friend. Not only does hand expression come in handy (wink wink), when you are without your pump, but also it helps to stimulate more milk, ease blocked milk ducts, and aid with milk letdown. Here’s how to do it. 3 - Letdown Our favorite part of the day! Okay, it’s actually just the release of milk from your breasts. This reflex is what happens when tiny nerves in your breast are stimulated (by a baby’s sucking or your pump), thereby firing up hormones - prolactin and oxytocin - that release or ‘letdown’ the milk. This letdown may take a few minutes or a few seconds, and when you think about your sweet baby’s face or even hear a baby cry. (Which is why you’ll want to have those Bamboobies nursing pads ready to catch any letdown on the loose!) 4 - Double Electric Pump The double electric pump may sound like the next viral dance craze, but alas, it’s the name for a breast pump that uses a motor to pump and generate suction (versus a manual pump which relies on squeezes to a handle by hand). Both manual pumps and electric pumps create and release suction on the nipple to stimulate your nerves and draw out milk. A double electric pump, however does the pumping work for you, and can allow for a speedier, sometimes more productive pump session. (Though it varies for everyone.) Side note: we wouldn’t be mad if a video of mamas dancing to the double electric pump noise caught on. 5 - Membrane Also known as “those little white flimsy pieces your pump won’t work without”. Membranes are the thin, round discs that connect to and work with a pump’s valves to keep milk from backing up in the tubing. They are small, but mighty, and key to efficient suction: if torn or worn out, they can be the main reason a pump isn’t working well or sucking enough. It’s good to keep extras on hand. 6 - Duckbill Depending on the type of pump you have, a duckbill is a valve shaped like the beak of a duck and an alternative to the traditional valve that works with the membranes mentioned above. 7 - Flange A breast pump flange (pronounced like your cool friend Ang) - or breast shield - is the funnel looking piece of the pump that cups around your breast. Flanges form a seal around your areola to create a vacuum that draws your nipple forward and the milk out. Like a bra, a good fit is important, and one size flange doesn’t fit all (or even all throughout your pump days, since breasts are ever-changing while breastfeeding). This size chart can help. 8 - Galactagogue Sometimes milk production needs a little help and you might be advised to try a galactagogue. While it sounds like a remote planet visited by Thor, it’s actually just a substance that increases milk supply. Some commonly used herbal galactagogues are fenugreek, blessed thistle, and alfalfa. 9. Boob Lube (i.e. Pumping Lubricant) A little tube of heaven. All that pumping can be rough on your milk makers (especially if you are pumping exclusively). You can reduce some of the friction and make pumping a little more comfortable, by applying a pumping lubricant (boob-lube) such as boob-ease Organic Pumping Lubricant before each pump. 10 - Breast Express There’s now actually a place for moms to feed on wheels! pumpspotting’s will be taking it’s new RV cross-country in the spring to show up for breastfeeding moms and provide a comfortable place for moms to nurse and pump. Check the boob-venture here.

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With two babies in tow, getting out the door often becomes doubly challenging. From the extra things to carry to the extra space needed in your backseat, it can be easy to feel daunted at the prospect of a day out. But before you resign yourself to life indoors, try incorporating these five genius products from Nuna to get you and the littles out the door. (Because Vitamin D is important, mama!)

1. A brilliant double stroller

You've got more to carry—and this stroller gets it. The DEMI™ grow stroller from Nuna easily converts from a single ride to a double stroller thanks to a few easy-to-install accessories. And with 23 potential configurations, you're ready to hit the road no matter what life throws at you.

DEMI™ grow stroller
$799.95, Nuna

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2. A light car seat

Lugging a heavy car seat is the last thing a mama of two needs to have on her hands. Instead, pick up the PIPA™ lite, a safe, svelte design that weighs in at just 5.3 pounds (not counting the canopy or insert)—that's less than the average newborn! When you need to transition from car to stroller, this little beauty works seamlessly with Nuna's DEMI™ grow.

PIPA™ lite car seat
$349.95, Nuna

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3. A super safe car seat base

The thing new moms of multiples really need to get out the door? A little peace of mind. The PIPA™ base features a steel stability leg for maximum security that helps to minimize forward rotation during impact by up to 90% (compared to non-stability leg systems) and 5-second installation for busy mamas.

PIPA™ base
(included with purchase of PIPA™ series car seat or) Nuna, $159.95

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4. A diaper bag you want to carry

It's hard to find an accessory that's as stylish as it is functional. But the Nuna diaper bag pulls out all the stops with a sleek design that perfectly conceals a deceptively roomy interior (that safely stores everything from extra diapers to your laptop!). And with three ways to wear it, even Dad will want to take this one to the park.

Diaper bag
$179.95, Nuna

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5. A crib that travels

Getting a new baby on a nap schedule—while still getting out of the house—is hard. But with the SENA™ aire mini, you can have a crib ready no matter where your day takes you. It folds down and pops up easily for sleepovers at grandma's or unexpected naps at your friend's house, and the 360-degree ventilation ensures a comfortable sleep.

SENA aire mini
$199.95, Nuna

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With 5 essentials that are as flexible as you need to be, the only thing we're left asking is, where are you going to go, mama?

This article was sponsored by Nuna. Thank you for supporting the brands that support Motherly and mamas.


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Baby stuff comes in such cute prints these days. Gone are the days when everything was pink and blue and covered in ducks or teddy bears. Today's baby gear features stylish prints that appeal to mom.

That's why it's totally understandable how a mama could mistake a car seat cover for a cute midi skirt. It happened to Lori Farrell, and when she shared her mishap on Facebook she went viral before she was even home from work. Fellow moms can totally see the humor in Farrell's mishap, and thankfully, so can she.

As for how a car seat cover could be mistaken for a skirt—it's pretty simple, Farrell tells Motherly.

"A friend of mine had given me a huge lot of baby stuff, from clothes to baby carriers to a rocker and blankets and when I pulled it out I was not sure what it was," she explains. "I debated it but washed it anyway then decided because of the way it pulled on the side it must be a maternity skirt."

Farrell still wasn't 100% sure if she was right by the time she headed out the door to work, but she rocked the ambiguous attire anyway.

"When I got to work I googled the brand and realized not only do they not sell clothing but it was a car seat cover."

The brand, Itzy Ritzy, finds the whole thing pretty funny too, sharing Farell's viral moment to its official Instagram.

It may be a car seat cover, but that print looks really good on this mama.

And if you want to copy Farell's style, the Itzy Ritzy 4-in-1 Nursing Cover, Car Seat Cover, Shopping Cart Cover and Infinity Scarf (and skirt!) is available on Amazon for $24.94.

Motherly is your daily #momlife manual; we are here to help you easily find the best, most beautiful products for your life that actually work. We share what we love—and we may receive a commission if you choose to buy.You've got this.

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Daycare for infants is expensive across the country, and California has one of the worst states for parents seeking care for a baby. Putting an infant in daycare in California costs $2,914 more than in-state tuition for four years of college, according to the Economic Policy Institute.

Paying north of $1,000 for daycare each month is an incredible burden, especially on single-parent families. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services defines affordable childcare as costing no more than 10% of a family's income—by that definition, less than 29% of families in California can afford infant care. Some single parents spend half their income on day care. It is an incredible burden on working parents.

But that burden may soon get lighter. CBS Sacramento reports California may put between $25 and $35 million into child care programs to make day care more affordable for parents with kids under 3 years old.

Assembly Bill 452, introduced this week, could see $10 million dollars funneled into Early Head Start (which currently gets no money from the state but does get federal funding) and tens of millions more would be spent on childcare for kids under three.

The bill seeks to rectify a broken childcare system. Right now, only about 14% of eligible infants and toddlers are enrolled in subsidized programs in California, and in 2017, only 7% of eligible children younger than three years of age accessed Early Head Start.

An influx of between $25 to $35 million dollars could see more spaces open up for kids under three, as Bill 452, if passed, would see the creation of "grants to develop childcare facilities that serve children from birth to three years of age."

This piece of proposed legislation comes weeks after California's governor announced an ambitious plan for paid parental leave, and as another bill, AB 123, seeks to strengthen the state's pre-kindergarten program.

Right now, it is difficult for some working parents to make a life in California, but by investing in families, the state's lawmakers could change that and change California's future for the better.

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When a mama gets married, in most cases she wants her children to be part of her big day. Photographers are used to hearing bride-to-be moms request lots of pictures of their big day, but when wedding photographer Laura Schaefer of Fire and Gold Photography heard her client Dalton Mort planned to wear her 2-year-old daughter Ellora instead of a veil, she was thrilled.

A fellow mama who understands the benefits of baby-wearing, Schaefer was keen to capture the photos Mort requested. "When I asked Dalton about what some of her 'must get' shots would be for her wedding, she specifically asked for ones of her wearing Ellie, kneeling and praying in the church before the tabernacle," Schaefer tells Motherly.

She got those shots and so many more, and now Mort's toddler-wearing wedding day pics are going viral.

"Dalton wore Ellie down the aisle and nursed her to sleep during the readings," Schaefer wrote on her blog, explaining that Ellie then slept through the whole wedding mass.

"As a fellow mother of an active toddler, this is a HUGE win! Dalton told me after that she was SO grateful that Ellie slept the whole time because she was able to focus and really pray through the Mass," Schaefer explains.

Dalton was able to concentrate on her wedding day because she made her baby girl a part of it (and that obviously tired Ellie right out).

Ellie was part of the commitment and family Dalton if forging with her husband, Jimmy Joe. "There is no better behaved toddler than a sleeping toddler, and she was still involved, even though I ended up unwrapping her to nurse her. I held her in my arms while my husband and I said our vows. It was really special for us," Dalton told POPSUGAR.

This is a wedding trend we are totally here for!

Congrats to Dalton and Jimmy Joe (and to Ellie)! 🎉

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The internet is freaking out about how Peppa Pig is changing the way toddlers speak, but parents don't need to be too worried.

As Romper first reported, plenty of American parents have noticed that preschoolers are picking up a bit of a British accent thanks to Peppa. Romper's Janet Manley calls it "the Peppa effect," noting that her daughter started calling her "Mummy" after an in-flight Peppa marathon.


Plenty of other parents report sharing Manley's experience, but the British accent is not likely to stick, experts say.

Toronto-based speech and language pathologist Melissa James says this isn't a new thing—kids have always been testing out the accents they hear on TV and in the real world, long before Peppa oinked her way into our Netflix queues.

"Kids have this amazing ability to pick up language," James told Global News. "Their brains are ripe for the learning of language and it's a special window of opportunity that adults don't possess."

Global News reports that back in the day there were concerns about Dora The Explorer potentially teaching kids Spanish words before the kids had learned the English counterparts, and over in the U.K., parents have noticed British babies picking up American accents from TV, too.

But it's not a bad thing, James explains. When an American adult hears "Mummy" their brain translates it to "Mommy," but little kids don't yet make as concrete a connection. "When a child, two, three or four, is watching a show with a British accent and hears [words] for the first time, they are mapping out the speech and sound for that word in the British way."

So if your baby is oinking at you, calling you "Mummy" or testing out a new pronunciation of "toh-mah-toe," know that this is totally natural, and they're not going to end up with a life-long British pig accent.

As Dr, Susannah Levi, associate professor of communicative sciences and disorders at New York University, tells The Guardian, "it's really unlikely that they'd be acquiring an entire second dialect from just watching a TV show."

It sure is cute though.

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