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Summer holidays are on the horizon. Some parents are anticipating them with glee; balmy evenings spent flying kites on the beach with the whole family. You find these people on Pinterest and on stock photos- they are often wearing white and every child has brushed hair.


Other parents are looking at the approaching school holidays with a sense of great doom.  Edvard Munch’s The Scream is more the image that comes to mind. In this parent’s summer the sky is on fire, hands are raised to the face in an expression part horror, part extreme boredom. And there’s not a kid in sight – lost, every single one of them.

As a homeschooling mom I only know when school vacations happen because my Facebook feed gets filled with parents asking what the jeff they are meant to do with their kids every day for the next 60 days.

Being at home with my kids day in and day out, though, does mean I have a LOAD of ideas for activities that pass the “Time Input by Parent x Time Spent on Activity By Kid” equation.

The ultimate summer bucket list is comprised of these kinds of activities. Ones that can be set up quickly and inexpensively that keep children occupied for hours. Lots of these activities capture the imagination and end up evolving into games all of themselves.

Here we go:

Photo by http://sibylnutmeg.co.uk/mud-faces/

Mud Gargoyles

Ages 1- 12

Find a tree and a small area you have permission to dig up, in your yard or a friend’s yard, perhaps. (Try to avoid the local golf club/prize winning rose gardens.) Dig up a bucket of mud, add a little water to make it moldable.

Press lumps of mud onto the trunk of the tree into heads and shapes. This activity can go in all sorts of directions. Ending with mud slinging target practice is a winner!

Note: You also probably need a hose at the end of this one.

Ice Hacking

Ages 3- 8

Take some plastic dinosaurs, or other waterproof miniatures, and put them in small containers of water (plastic jars or Tupperware) and freeze them overnight.

The next day, give your child some tools and utensils and suggest they rescue their dinosaurs from the Ice Age. We have given our young children small butter knives and rocks and they have loved smashing out their little toys.

Summer Sledding

Ages 2- teenagers

There is a hill fairly local to us that provides the whole community with entertainment.  If you turn up on a sunny day, you will hear laughter ringing out as people of all ages sit upon a flattened out cardboard box and slide down the hill.

I don’t know if it’s just a local thing, or a New Zealand thing, but I haven’t seen it in any other place!

Find a hill of a smooth, steepish gradient and this summer sledding could be yours to enjoy, too!

Photo by: http://www.sunhatsandwellieboots.com

Giant Woven Sculpture

Ages 2- 10

This takes a little bit of preparation from the parent, but once up it is an activity that has the potential to stretch over the whole summer.

Take 10 bamboo stakes and dig them into the ground, in a line with eight inches between them. It will look like a gappy fence. Now take a long piece of string and, beginning from the top, tie the string horizontally from the first bamboo stick to the last, weaving in and out of the stakes. Take another piece of string and do the same thing, eight inches below the first string. Do it again until you have completed a grid.

This is the frame for your summer sculpture. Weave in weeds, grasses, flowers, sticks, driftwood, shells. Wherever you go this summer bring back natural materials to weave into your sculpture. As the days go by, your empty frame will become a masterpiece. Ideally, your children will take on a sense of ownership over this giant artwork and will spend hours weaving natural treasures in and out of the grid.

Sand Battle

Ages 5- 10

Sometimes days spent at the beach go by in a whiz, as children just enter the zone of play with all the sensory opportunities available. Other times they need a little help. Try this.

Ideally you need a bit of beach with an estuary.

Build a sand castle (* yawn * – wait, wait!!!) that is out of the way of the trickle of water, but downstream from it.

Then, take on the role of an attacking enemy and, a few meters up, try to dig channels in the stream to direct the water towards the sandcastle to take it out. Encourage your children to build dams and other channels to keep the flow away from their sandcastle.

Swap roles.

If you are anything like me, you will get right into this and will enter the zone of play so thoroughly you won’t even want to slip away and leave them to it after a while!

Photo by http://pueblopulp.com

Ice Slide

Ages 2- teenage

Many years ago I ran a youth club. It was the easiest job ever because I let the young‘uns come up with their own activities. One of the things they came up with was the ice slide. It sounds improbable, the sort of thing that only works for people on a Coca-Cola advertisement, but I can tell you it’s legitimate!


You do need quite a large freezer – a chest freezer is ideal. And then you need large square Tupperware boxes or the vegetable trays out of the bottom of your fridge. Fill these with water – 3-5 inches- and freeze for at least a day. It needs to be solid.

Chuck the slabs of ice in an ice box and head to a hill. It needs to be fairly smooth grass and of moderate gradient. Bring winter gloves and have the kids wear jeans.

You’re getting the picture now, aren’t you?

Take your slabs to the top of the hill and slide away! Depending on how hot the day is the slabs will last up to an hour, surprisingly, and your children will be SO DELIGHTED with this fun that they won’t need any more entertainment for the rest of the day.

*Bonus Tip*

One of the things we like to do is write new activities we’ve discovered onto slips of paper and put them into a jar. At the start of each week we’ll pull out an activity and plan to fit it into our week. It keeps things fresh and fun and adds a bit of sparkle.

For more outdoor activities check out 80 Outdoor Activities for Rain or Shine.

What are some of the things you plan on doing this summer that no one has heard of? We’d love to hear your ideas!

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We spend a lot of time prepping for the arrival of a baby. But when it comes to the arrival of our breast milk (and all the massive adjustments that come with it), it's easy to be caught off guard. Stocking up on a few breastfeeding essentials can make the transition to breastfeeding a lot less stressful, which means more time and energy focusing on what's most important: Your recovery and your brand new baby.

Here are the essential breastfeeding tools you'll need, mama:

1. For covering up: A cute nursing cover

First and foremost, please know that all 50 states in the United States have laws that allow women to breastfeed in public. You do not have to cover yourself if you don't want to—and many mamas choose not to—and we are all for it.

That said, if you do anticipate wanting to take a more modest approach to breastfeeding, a nursing cover is a must. You will find an array of styles to choose from, but we love an infinity scarf, like the LK Baby Infinity Nursing Scarf Nursing Cover. You'll be able to wear the nursing cover instead of stuffing it in your already brimming diaper bag—and it's nice to have it right there when the baby is ready to eat.

Also, in the inevitable event that your baby spits-up on you or you leak some milk through your shirt, having a quick and stylish way to cover up is a total #momwin.

2. For getting comfortable: A cozy glider

Having a comfy spot to nurse can make a huge difference. Bonus points if that comfy place totally brings a room together, like the Delta Children Paris Upholstered Glider!

Get your cozy space ready to go, and when your baby is here, you can retreat from the world and just nurse, bond, and love.

3. For unmatched support: A wire-free nursing bra

It may take trying on several brands to find the perfect match, but finding a nursing bra that you love is 100% worth the effort. Your breasts will be changing and working in ways that are hard to imagine. An excellent supportive bra will make this so much more comfortable.

It is crucial to choose a wireless bra for the first weeks of nursing since underwire can increase the risk of clogged ducts (ouch).The Playtex Maternity Shaping Foam Wirefree Nursing Bra is an awesome pick for this reason, and because it is designed to flex and fit your breasts as they go through all those changes.

4. For maximum hydration: A large reusable water bottle

Nothing can prepare you for the intense thirst that hits when breastfeeding. Quench that thirst (and help keep your milk supply up in the process) by always having a water bottle with a straw nearby, like this Exquis Large Outdoor Water Bottle.

5. For feeding convenience: A supportive nursing tank

Experts recommend that during the first weeks of your baby's life, you breastfeed on-demand, meaning that any time your tiny boss demands milk, you feed them. This will help establish your milk supply and get everything off to a good start.

What does this mean for your life? You will be breastfeeding A LOT. Nursing tanks, like the Loving Moments by Leading Lady, make this so much easier. They have built-in support to keep you comfy, and you can totally wear them around the house, or even out and about. When your baby wants to eat, you'll be able to quickly "pop out" a breast and feed them.

6. For pain prevention: A quality nipple ointment

Breastfeeding shouldn't hurt, but the truth is those first days can be uncomfortable. Your nipples will likely feel raw as they adjust to their new job. This will get better! But until it does, nipple ointment is amazing.

My favorite is the Earth Mama Organic Nipple Butter. We love that it's organic, and it is oh-so-soothing on your hard-at-work nipples.

Psst: If it actually hurts when your baby latches on, something may be up, so call your provider or a lactation consultant for help.

7. For uncomfortable moments: A dual breast therapy pack

As your breasts adjust to their new role, you may experience a few discomforts—applying warmth or cold can help make them feel so much better. The Lansinoh TheraPearl 3-in-1 Breast Therapy Pack is awesome because you can microwave the pads or put them in the freezer, giving you a lot of options when your breasts need some TLC.

Again, if you have any concerns about something being wrong (pain, a bump that may be red or hot, fever, or anything else), call a professional right away.

8. For inevitable leaks: An absorbing breast pad

In today's episode of, "Oh come on, really?" you are going to leak breastmilk. Now, this is entirely natural and you are certainly not required to do anything about this. Still, many moms choose to wear breast pads in their bras to avoid leaking through to their shirts.

You can go the convenient and disposable route with Lansinoh Disposable Stay Dry Nursing Pads, or for a more environmentally friendly option, you can choose washable pads, like these Organic Bamboo Nursing Breast Pads.

9. For flexibility: A breast pump

Many women find that a breast pump becomes one of their most essential mom-tools. The ability to provide breast milk when you are away from your baby (and relieve uncomfortable engorged breasts) will add so much flexibility into your new-mom life.

For quick trips out and super-easy in-your-bag transport, opt for a manual pump like the Lansinoh Manual Breast Pump .

If you will be away from your baby for longer periods of time (traveling or working outside the home, for example) an electric pump is your most efficient bet. The Medela Pump In Style Advanced Double Electric Breast Pump is a classic go-to that will absolutely get the job done, and then some.

10. For quality storage: Breast milk bags

Once you pump your liquid gold, aka breast milk, you'll need a place to store it. The Kiinde Twist Pouches allow you to pump directly into the bags which means one less step (and way less to clean).

11. For keeping cool: A freezer bag

Transport your pumped milk back home to your baby safely in a cooler like the Mommy Knows Best Breast Milk Baby Bottle Cooler Bag. Remember to put the milk in a fridge or freezer as soon as you can to optimize how long it stays usable for.

12. For continued nourishment: Bottles

Nothing beats the peace of mind you get when you know that your baby is being well-taken of care—and well fed—until you can be together again. The Philips Avent Natural Baby Bottle Newborn Starter Gift Set is a fan favorite (mama and baby fans alike).

This article is sponsored by Walmart. Thank you for supporting the brands that support Motherly and mamas.

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Motherly is committed to covering all relevant presidential candidate plans as we approach the 2020 election. We are making efforts to get information from all candidates. Motherly does not endorse any political party or candidate. We stand with and for mothers and advocate for solutions that will reduce maternal stress and benefit women, families and the country.

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A viral video about car seat safety has parents everywhere cracking up and humming Sir-Mix-A-Lot.

"I like safe kids and I cannot lie," raps Norman Regional Health System pediatric hospitalist Dr. Kate Cook (after prefacing her music video with an apology to her children."I'm a doctor tryin' warn you that recs have changed," she continues.

Dr. Cook's rap video is all about the importance of keeping babies facing backward. It's aptly called "Babies Face Back," and uses humor and parody to drive home car seat recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

"Switching from rear-facing to forward-facing is a milestone many parents can't wait to reach," Dr. Cook said in a news release about her hilarious video. "But this is one area where you want to delay the transition as long as possible because each one actually reduces the protection to the child."

Last summer the AAP updated its official stance on car seat safety to be more in line with what so many parents were already doing and recommended that kids stay rear-facing for as long as possible. But with so many things to keep track of in life, it is understandable that some parents still don't know about the change. Dr. Cook wants to change that with some cringe-worthy rapping.

The AAP recommends:

  • Babies and toddlers should ride in a rear-facing car safety seat as long as possible, until they reach the highest weight or height allowed by their seat.
  • Once they are facing forward, children should use a forward-facing car safety seat with a harness for as long as possible. Many seats are good up to 65 pounds.
  • When children outgrow their car seat they should use a belt-positioning booster seat until the vehicle's lap and shoulder seat belt fits properly, between 8 and 12 years old.

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[Editor's note: Motherly is committed to covering all relevant presidential candidate plans as we approach the 2020 election. We are making efforts to get information from all candidates. Motherly does not endorse any political party or candidate. We stand with and for mothers and advocate for solutions that will reduce maternal stress and benefit women, families and the country.]

Suicide rates for girls and women in the United States have increased 50% since 2000, according to the CDC and new research indicates a growing number of pregnant and postpartum women are dying by suicide and overdose. Suicide rates for boys and men are up, too.

It's clear there is a mental health crisis in America and it is robbing children of their mothers and mothers of their children.

Medical professionals urge people to get help early, but sometimes getting help is not so simple. For many Americans, the life preserver that is mental health care is out of reach when they are drowning.

Democratic presidential candidate Pete Buttigieg just released a plan he hopes could change that and says the neglect of mental health in the United States must end. "Our plan breaks down the barriers around mental health and builds up a sense of belonging that will help millions of suffering Americans heal," says Buttigieg.

He thinks he can "prevent 1 million deaths of despair by 2028" by giving Americans more access to mental health and addictions services.

In a country where giving birth can put a mother in debt, it's not surprising that while as many as 1 in 5 new moms suffers from perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, more than half of new moms who need mental health treatment don't get it. Stigma, childcare and of course costs are factors in why women aren't seeking help when they are struggling.

Buttigieg's plan is interesting because it could remove some of these barriers. He wants to make mental health care more affordable by ensuring everyone has comprehensive coverage for mental health care and by ensuring that everyone can access a free yearly mental health check-up.

That could make getting help more affordable for some moms, and by increasing reimbursement rates for mental health care delivered through telehealth, this plan could help moms get face time with a medical professional without having to deal with finding childcare first.

Estimates from new research suggest that in some parts of America as many as 14% or 30% of maternal deaths are caused by addiction or suicide. Buttigieg's plan aims to reduce those estimates by fighting the addiction and opioid crisis and increasing access to mental health services in underserved communities and for people of color. He also wants to reduce the stigma and increase support for the next generation by requiring "every school across the country to teach Mental Health First Aid courses."

These are lofty goals with a lofty price tag. It would cost about $300 billion to do what Buttigieg sets out in his plan and the specifics of how the plan would be funded aren't yet known. Neither is how voters will react to this 18-page plan and whether it will help Buttigieg stand out in a crowded field of Democratic candidates.

What we do know is that right now, America is talking about mental health and whether or not that benefits Buttigieg's campaign it will certainly benefit America.

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[Editor's Note: Welcome to It's Science, a Motherly column focusing on evidence-based explanations for the important moments, milestones, and phenomena of motherhood. Because it's not just you—#itsscience.]

If you breastfeed, you know just how magical (and trying) it is, but it has numerous benefits for mama and baby. It is known to reduce the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis, and cuts the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by half.

If this wasn't powerful enough, scientists have discovered that babies who are fed breast milk have a stomach pH that promotes the formation of HAMLET (Human Alpha-lactalbumin Made Lethal to Tumor cells). HAMLET was discovered by chance when researchers were studying the antibacterial properties of breast milk. This is a combination of proteins and lipids found in breast milk that can work together to kill cancer cells, causing them to pull away from healthy cells, shrink and die, leaving the healthy cells unaffected.

According to researchers at Lund University in Sweden, this mechanism may contribute to the protective effect breast milk has against pediatric tumors and leukemia, which accounts for about 30% of all childhood cancer. Other researchers analyzed 18 different studies, finding that "14% to 19% of all childhood leukemia cases may be prevented by breastfeeding for six months or more."

And recently, doctors in Sweden collaborated with scientists in Prague to find yet another amazing benefit to breast milk. Their research demonstrated that a certain milk sugar called Alpha1H, found only in breast milk, helps in the production of lactose and can transform into a different form that helps break up tumors into microscopic fragments in the body.

Patients who were given a drug based on this milk sugar, rather than a placebo, passed whole tumor fragments in their urine. And there is more laboratory evidence to support that the drug can kill more than 40 different types of cancer cells in animal trials, including brain tumors and colon cancer. These results are inspiring scientists to continue to explore HAMLET as a novel approach to tumor therapy and make Alpha1H available to cancer patients.

Bottom line: If you choose to breastfeed, the breast milk your baby gets from your hard work can be worth every drop of effort.

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