Curettage is a medical procedure often associated with maternity and related fields. It involves the use of a specific instrument known as a curette to remove tissue from a particular area, frequently the lining of the uterus, for therapeutic purposes or for biopsy. While curettage is commonly used following a miscarriage, it can also be performed for diagnosis or treatment of abnormal uterine conditions.

Key Takeaways

  1. Curettage refers to a medical procedure usually performed after a miscarriage, or as part of an abortion procedure. It involves scraping the uterine wall to remove any remaining tissue.
  2. The procedure can be performed either manually or with a suction device. Manual curettage involves using an instrument known as a curette, while suction curettage, also known as vacuum aspiration, uses a suction device to remove the tissue.
  3. Although curettage is generally considered safe, like any surgical procedure, it does carry potential risks, including infection, heavy bleeding, damage to the cervix or uterus, and complications in future pregnancies.


The term curettage is indeed crucial in the context of motherhood because it refers to a medical procedure often associated with various reproductive health scenarios. Predominantly, it is used in the aftermath of a miscarriage or to end an ectopic pregnancy, where the products of conception are not entirely expelled from the uterus.

In such cases, a doctor performs curettage to scrape the uterine lining and ensure no residual tissue is left that could lead to complications like infection or heavy bleeding. It’s also applied in cases of abnormal uterine bleeding to detect potential issues or in the removal of uterine polyps or fibroids.

Despite its invasive nature, curettage is considered necessary for ensuring maternal health under certain conditions. Thus, its relevance becomes self-evident in the realm of motherhood and feminine healthcare.


Curettage is a medical term significant in obstetrics and gynecology, essentially revolving around motherhood and women’s health. The primary purpose of curettage is to remove tissue from the uterine wall for a variety of reasons, predominantly to examine it for the presence of disease.

It serves as an indispensable tool for doctors and healthcare providers for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. From its therapeutic perspective, curettage is often employed in cases of miscarriage for either an incomplete abortion or missed abortion.

In an incomplete abortion, not all pregnancy tissues leave the body and might cause complications like infection or heavy bleeding; hence, the use of curettage to ensure the womb is cleared out. For missed abortions, where the fetus has not survived but no miscarriage symptoms have occurred, again, curettage is used to remove the fetus.

Furthermore, it helps in the removal of polyps and fibroids, management of heavy menstrual bleeding, and in some instances, deployed as a method of early abortion. With its expansive contrast of uses, curettage plays an insightful role in motherhood and female reproductive health management.

Examples of Curettage

Post-Miscarriage Treatment: A woman may undergo a curettage procedure following a miscarriage, to ensure that all tissues of the pregnancy are removed completely from the uterus. This helps to prevent any infections or other complications.

Termination of Pregnancy: In some cases, a woman may opt for a therapeutic curettage to terminate an unwanted pregnancy. This is a medical procedure in which the tissue from the uterus is gently scraped out.

Diagnosing Uterine Conditions: Doctors may use a curettage procedure to help diagnose the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding. By scraping a small sample of tissue from the woman’s uterus, they can check for conditions like endometrial cancer or uterine polyps.

FAQ on Curettage

What is curettage?

Curettage, sometimes referred to as dilation and curettage or D&C, is a medical procedure where the lining of the uterus (endometrium) is scraped away. This can be done for a variety of reasons such as to remove tissue after a miscarriage or abortion, or to diagnose or treat abnormal uterine bleeding.

What is the process of curettage?

The process typically begins with dilation, which involves enlarging the opening of the lower part of the uterus (the cervix), to allow for a curette, a surgical instrument, to pass through and scrape away the tissue.

What risks are associated with curettage?

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks. Possible complications of a curettage procedure include infection, perforation of the uterus, or scar tissue forming on the uterine wall. It’s important that the procedure is done by a skilled healthcare provider to minimize these risks. Always discuss the potential risks and benefits with your doctor before making a decision.

What is the recovery period after curettage?

The recovery period varies from woman to woman, but generally, rest is needed for a few days following the procedure. Some women may experience light vaginal bleeding and cramping after a D&C. If heavy bleeding, fever, or abdominal pain is experienced, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately.

How frequently is curettage performed?

The number of curettages performed varies greatly depending on location, access to healthcare, and individual circumstances. Some women may never require a curettage procedure, while others may need one or more in their lifetime. It’s a common procedure in gynecology and is often performed to help diagnose or treat abnormalities in the uterus.

Related Motherhood Terms

  • Dilation and Curettage
  • Gynecology
  • Uterine Scrape
  • Miscarriage Management
  • Endometrial Biopsy

Sources for More Information

  • Mayo Clinic: A nonprofit organization committed to clinical practice, education and research, providing expert, whole-person care to everyone who needs healing.
  • WebMD: Leader in health information services, providing credible, trustworthy health content and tools for managing personal health.
  • Healthline: Committed to being a trusted ally in your pursuit of health by providing medical information, health advice, and inspiration to help you live your healthiest life.
  • World Health Organization: International organization dedicated to public health. Their website holds a library of health information, including articles specifically on a range of motherhood topics.