From hummingbird to helicopter—what’s your parenting style?

There are no perfect parenting philosophies, but these labels may help us understand ourselves a little more clearly.

From hummingbird to helicopter—what’s your parenting style?

In the world of parenting there are labels for every time of parent—helicopter parent, attachment parent, free range, etc. Even if you aren’t a fan of labels (which many of us aren’t), sometimes the ideas buried beneath the labels can be useful .

By considering the philosophies that underlie these labels, we can gain a little awareness of ourselves and how we approach parenting. If you are like many of us, you may see aspects of each label that define your own parenting style.

The research labels

These three classic categories are based on research by Diana Baumrind, a clinical and developmental psychologist from the 1960s, but they have really stood the test of time:

1. Authoritative parenting

In the research world, this label encompasses the “ideal” parent. Of course, in the real world, there are no perfect parents, but the philosophy underlying this approach is helpful because it is all about balance.

Authoritative parents are not too strict, but not too permissive. They provide boundaries, but are also open to some (age-appropriate) negotiation with kids. The classic definition includes a balance between being high demanding and being highly responsive. This balance helps kids feel safe but also gives them room to grow and develop a sense of independence.

2. Authoritarian parenting

This is what today we might call parenting the “old school” style. Authoritarian parents are very strict, demanding and offer little room for flexibility or independence.

This style of parenting focuses on the parent trying to control not only the behavior of the child, but also their emotions. Trying to control a child’s emotions ultimately sets them up for emotional challenges—afraid to show emotions.

3. Permissive parenting

We are all pretty familiar with this approach—it’s basically the laissez-faire form of parenting—guidance and boundaries are not prioritized and children are allowed to make their own choices. Unlike authoritarian parenting, a permissive parenting approach does focus a lot on meeting the emotional needs of kids.

However, in contrast to authoritative parenting, permissive parents also provide few controls on behavior as well. This sets up a situation in which the child may feel insecure due to lack of rules or structure.

The cultural labels

Let’s look at how popular culture has adapted those research labels in the modern world. Since those three classic categories are fairly broad, our modern parenting culture and media have taken to refining parents more narrowly.

Helicopter parent

This is the one we hear all the time, right? These are the parents who hover over the kids, solve their problems and yes, even call their young adult’s college professors to try to change a grade (it does happen!). As we see now, the real downside to the helicopter parenting approach is a lack of independence and resilience on the part of the kids.

Modern parenting research has shown us that kids’ lives cannot be free of stress. By overcoming obstacles and facing failure, kids build many emotional skills that are needed later in life.

Tiger parent

This label we don’t hear as often in recent years, but it was the topic of much media attention in 2011 with the publication of The Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mom by Amy Chua. It generally refers to parents who prioritize their child’s academic success above almost anything else. Much like a combination of a helicopter parent and an authoritarian, these parents can be very demanding but also limit their child’s choices and independence.


This is a new parenting label that you may just be beginning to see in the media. Like you might imagine, the hummingbird parent is the muted version of the helicopter parent. Hummingbird parents hover but do not interfere too much in the decisions of their children. They remain physically (or psychologically) nearby to jump in if their children need them, but they try to not make decisions for them or prevent their failures.

This in many ways describes the modern-day version of authoritative parenting—a balance of support and independence.

Attachment parenting

Attachment parenting and attachment theory are often thrown around in conversation like they are one in the same, but they are not.

Attachment parenting is a label that originated largely from the work of Dr. Sears, a pediatrician who promotes a parenting style that involves close physical contact with kids (bed sharing, baby wearing) as well as responsiveness and reading babies’ cue.

Attachment theory refers to a child development theory developed in the 1950s by two psychologists after seeing the traumatizing effects of children being separated from their parents during WWII. The theory focuses on understanding how parents bond with their children (especially in the first two years of life) through responsiveness, soothing and being a “secure base” for their developing child’s explorations.

While attachment parenting most likely promotes a “secure” attachment (the word used in the theory), it is NOT the only way to establish a secure attachment with your child. Attachment theory, as opposed to attachment parenting, does not promote specific parenting practices, but rather a general idea of responsive parenting.

Free range parenting

Free-range parenting is basically the antithesis of helicopter parenting. In response to what they see as the cultural trend toward over-parenting and over-protection among parents, free-range parents allow much more independence for their kids.

Reminiscent of 1960s-70s parenting, free-range parents are more likely to allow their children to take on age-appropriate responsibilities and freedoms like walking to school on their own, visiting a nearby park unsupervised or allowing them to fail at a task in order to build "grit."

However, the free-range philosophy is not without rules or boundaries. Free-range parents just focus more on building confidence, resilience and coping skills in their kids. In this endeavor, they rely more on everyday life experiences rather than adult-organized activities.

In reality, most of us represent a mix of several different parenting styles.

It can be helpful, however, to understand these various philosophies and the pros and cons of each. There are no perfect parents and no perfect parenting philosophies, but these labels may help us understand ourselves—and our values— a little more clearly.

These new arrivals from the Motherly Shop are *so* good you need them all

Noodle and Boo, Mushie and Plan Toys—everything you need, mama.

Motherhood is hard work—finding great products and brands to make the journey easier doesn't have to be. Each week, we stock the Motherly Shop with brilliant new products we know you'll need and love from brands and makers that really care.

So, what's new this week?

Noodle and Boo: Holistic baby skin care

Through working with chemists who specialize in natural and holistic skin care, Noodle and Boo has developed exclusive formulas that nourish, replenish and protect especially delicate, eczema-prone and sensitive skin—including laundry detergent. Their signature, obsession-worthy scent—which is subtly sweet, pure and fresh—is the closest thing to bottling up "baby smell" we've ever found.

Mushie: Kids' dinnerware that actually looks great

We're totally crushing on Mushie's minimalist dinnerware for kids. Their innovative baby and toddler products leverage Swedish design to marry both form and function while putting safety front and center. Everything is created in soft, muted colors from BPA-free materials.

Plan Toys: Open-ended toys that last

Corralling and cleaning up the toys becomes less stressful when you bring home fewer, better, more beautiful ones. Plan Toys checks all the boxes. Made from re-purposed rubber wood, they're better for the planet as well.

Not sure where to start? Here's what we're adding to our cart:

Mushie silicone baby bib

Mushie silicone baby bib

There's no going back to cloth bibs after falling in love with this Swedish design. The pocket catches whatever misses their mouths and the BPA-free silicone is waterproof and easy to wipe down between uses.


Mushie kids' square dinnerware plate set

Mushie kids' square dinnerware plate set

We're totally crushing on the soft muted colors that flow with our table aesthetics and the thoughtful high-sided design that helps babies and toddler who are learning to feed themselves.


Noodle and Boo nursery essentials kit

Noodle and Boo nursery essentials kit

Stocked with everything a new mama needs to care for her little one's delicate skin, Noodle and Boo's nursery essentials gift set is the perfect way to create a holistic and natural skin care routine from day one.


Plan Toys doctor set 

Plan Toys doctor set

Ideal for quiet time and imaginative role play, we love the gorgeous planet-friendly doctor kit from Plan Toys. The rubber wood stethoscope, blood pressure cuff, thermometer, syringe and reflex hammer pack up neat and tidy into the red cotton case should they need to dash off on a rescue mission.


Noodle and Boo instant hand sanitizer

Noodle and Boo instant hand sanitizer

Since we're buying and using hand sanitizer by the truckload these days, we're thrilled Noodle and Boo has made one we can feel good about using on little ones who cram their hands in their mouths 24/7. Not only does it kill 99.9% of germs, but it also leaves hands moisturized as well.


Plan Toys natural wooden blocks set

Plan Toys natural wooden blocks set

A toy box isn't complete without a set of blocks—and this set is one of our new favorites. The sustainable, re-purposed wood is eco-friendly, comes at a relatively affordable price point and are certain to last well beyond multiple kids, hand-me-downs and even generations.


Noodle and Boo family fun pack cleansing set

Noodle and Boo family fun pack cleansing set

Because their products were developed for delicate and eczema-prone skin, Noodle and Boo's full line of skin care has become a favorite among those with sensitive skin of all ages. This set is the perfect way to pamper the entire family.


Mushie kids' round dinnerware bowl set

Mushie kids' round dinnerware bowl set

No need to sacrifice safety or design with the sustainable dinnerware from Mushie. Their minimalist, functional dishes are perfect for serving up meals and snacks to your tablemates who might hurl it to the floor at any point. They're made in Denmark from BPA-free polypropylene plastic mamas can feel good about and dishwasher and microwave-safe as well.


Plan Toys geo stacking blocks

Plan Toys geo stacking blocks

The best engaging, open-ended toys are the ones that are left out and available, inviting little (and big!) ones to play. These beautiful gem-like blocks make for addicting coffee table play for the entire family.


Plan Toys wooden green dollhouse

Plan Toys wooden green dollhouse

Energy-efficient design isn't just for grown-up real estate. This green dollhouse includes a wind turbine, a solar cell panel, electric inverter, recycling bins, a rain barrel, a biofacade and a blind that can adjust the amount of sunlight and air circulation along with minimalist furniture we'd totally love to have in our own houses.


We independently select and share the products we love—and may receive a commission if you choose to buy. You've got this.


Why do all of my good parenting or baby-focused inventions come after they've already been invented by someone else? Sigh.

Like the Puj hug hooded baby towel, aka the handiest, softest cotton towel ever created.

Safely removing a wet, slippery baby from the bath can be totally nerve-wracking, and trying to hold onto a towel at the same time without soaking it in the process seems to require an extra arm altogether. It's no wonder so much water ends up on the floor, the countertops, or you(!) after bathing your little one. Their splashing and kicking in the water is beyond adorable, of course, but the clean up after? Not as much.

It sounds simple: Wash your child, sing them a song or two, let them play with some toys, then take them out, place a towel around them, and dry them off. Should be easy, peasy, lemon squeezy, right?

But it hasn't been. It's been more—as one of my favorite memes says—difficult, difficult, lemon difficult. Because until this towel hit the bathtime scene, there was no easy-peasy way to pick up your squirming wet baby without drenching yourself and/or everything around you.

Plus, there is nothing cuter than a baby in a plush hooded towel, right? Well, except when it's paired with a dry, mess-free floor, maybe.

Check out our favorites to make bathtime so much easier:

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I have two kids—and I think I'm done

The idea of "more," making more money, obtaining more things—and in my case, creating more life—is not necessarily the ticket to a happier life.

I met my best friend Katie in fifth grade and one of our most favorite games to play was MASH. Our future fates would be decided by one "magic number" where one of us counted the rings on a spiral circle after the other screamed STOP as loud as humanly possible. "Future Husband" and "Number of Children" were clearly our two favorite categories. I remember my "magic combination," and it was marrying Mel Gibson plus having four kids.

And my plan was to do all of this by the time I reached 27. Getting married and having children would be the ultimate climax of life. At the age of nine, the pressure was on to best prepare for the long climb to the top.

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