The first time your child starts school or changes to a new classroom may cause fear, anxiety or sadness for the entire family. After all, change is never easy. However, it's important to remember that separation anxiety is a normal part of child development, especially in times of change.
It's important to remember that a positive partnership between you and your child's school can greatly support the transition and ease anxiety. Communicating regularly about your child with their teacher allows for children and families to feel connected to one another and builds trust.
As you prepare to drop off your child at school, try these strategies to help your child (and you) cope with separation anxiety:
Before school starts:
1. Visit the school together.
Get excited about their new space and don't forget to see the playground! Getting both of you familiar with their new environment will help to ease the anxiety of the unknown. Plus, it just might get your child excited to attend.
2. Involve your child in the process.
This is especially crucial if they're transitioning schools. They might be anxious about starting the school year at a new school or program, and if they have some sense of control in the change, this may ease their worries. A great way to facilitate involvement is to let your child choose their back to school items like a backpack, lunch box, water bottle, etc.
3. Address your own anxiety.
Talk with your spouse, a friend or a current parent at the school your child is attending to get a feel for what to expect. And, feel free to speak with teachers at the school and other parents in your child's classroom so you're able to become more familiar with the new place.
4. Understand the process of dropping off and picking up.
Drop-off and pick-up can be a bit stressful since there are new processes to get used to. Ask ahead of time to see if there are any specifics to it—do you go inside to pick up your little? Do you need a name tag for your car? Get everything set up so you're ready to go on the first day.
5. Involve your child in establishing routines and stick to it.
It's important to stick to a daily routine, prior to the start of the school year, so that children know that even though there may be some changes, they will know what to expect.
Try things like: picking outfits for school the night before, helping to pack snacks or lunch and setting a bedtime and wake up routine. It might take a little time to get into a good routine that works for everyone, but collaborating with your child will simplify the process.
6. Discuss what your child's day at school may look like.
Most of the time, kids are a little nervous because they're not sure what to expect. Grab their rubric or syllabus and walk them through what might happen each day. Highlight the fun times, like play time outdoors or music class.
7. Validate your child's concerns.
Changes are scary, and while children are resilient, you should still validate that their anxiety is real. Model for them that you have some of those feelings as well, share with them stories where you had to go through changes (at work, in a new role, etc.). Make them feel heard.
8. Read books.
During morning drop off:
- Inform your child that you will not be staying in the classroom and you will return.
- Remain calm and confident.
- Praise your child for their efforts.
- Be one of the first parents to drop-off.
- Develop a special goodbye routine, such as, a special handshake, wave or high-five.
At the end of the day:
- Be one of the first to pick-up.
- Review classroom work or pictures together.
- Talk about their day and be specific ("Did you use the slide today?" "Tell me, what did you enjoy during art-time today?").
- Reciprocate by talking about your day and experiences, too.