Diagnosed with gestational diabetes? Here's what you need to know

The more controlled a woman's blood sugar is during pregnancy, the better.


If you've just been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you are probably full of questions and concerns. Gestational diabetes is a pregnancy-induced condition that occurs in up to 9% of women (so you are definitely not alone). While hearing the words "gestational diabetes" during your pregnancy may seem daunting or perhaps even scary at first, keep in mind that with proper attention and treatment, most of those pregnancies result in healthy mothers and babies.

Let's answer some of your most pressing questions about gestational diabetes and see if we can help you embrace this diagnosis with as much self-love as possible.


What is gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes occurs when a pregnant woman's body cannot process glucose effectively. The placental hormones, especially towards the end of pregnancy, can sometimes cause insulin resistance.

For some pregnant women, the pancreas cannot make enough insulin, leading to high blood sugar, or hyperglycemia—both can be detrimental to both mother and child. Thankfully, it can often be managed through a low-carbohydrate diet and moderate exercise. In some cases, drug therapies, such as insulin or Glucophage, are also taken throughout the pregnancy after a woman is diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

What happens during gestational diabetes testing?

Most women who test positive for gestational diabetes will usually do so between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy, or toward the end of the second trimester or beginning of the third trimester. This is when women usually take the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).

The OGTT consists of drinking a glucose-laden beverage and then having one's blood drawn an hour after the test. If your blood sugar is over 140 mg/dL, you may need to return to your healthcare provider for additional testing.

If your blood glucose is over 200 mg/dL, you may have type 2 diabetes.

Moreover, women who are at-risk for developing gestational diabetes may be tested earlier in the pregnancy, often in the first trimester.

Who is at risk for gestational diabetes?

According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, there are several probable risk factors for gestational diabetes. Keep in mind, however, that in some instances, gestational diabetes may occur in women with none of the following risk factors:

  • Age greater than 25 years
  • Family or personal health history, including whether you had prediabetes before becoming pregnant
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy
  • A very large baby (9 pounds or more) in a previous pregnancy
  • High blood pressure
  • History of heart disease
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • African American, Asian American, Hispanic, Native American or Pacific Island background

Why is it important to manage gestational diabetes during pregnancy?

The more controlled a woman's blood sugar is during pregnancy, the better.

By maintaining well-regulated glucose control, pregnant women are more likely to have healthier pregnancies and babies. Untreated or poorly managed gestational diabetes, however, can result in preterm birth and respiratory distress syndrome, congenital disabilities, macrosomia (or large babies), and the increased likelihood that your future son or daughter may develop type 2 diabetes down the road.

Newborns are also at risk of being born with low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) at birth, jaundice or more serious complications.

Being proactive in managing gestational diabetes through a combination of diet, exercise, blood sugar monitoring and possibly medication are essential steps toward a healthy pregnancy.

Working regularly with your healthcare team providers is important to take care of yourself during a gestational diabetes pregnancy optimally. For a woman who has been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, her care team will often include her ob/gyn or midwife, a certified diabetes educator, and a fetal care specialist who is trained to closely monitor mothers-to-be who are deemed "high risk," including women with type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

While few, if any, women want to hear the phrase "high risk" as a way to describe their pregnancy, keep in mind that women who have preexisting diabetes, regardless of type, and those with gestational diabetes are monitored carefully to ensure strict blood sugar control. This greatly increases the chances of the healthy development of the fetus and minimizes the serious health risks to the mother.

Extra precaution is taken throughout the pregnancy as a preventative measure to improve the labor and delivery outcomes for the mother and child.

Why is it important to advocate for postpartum screening after having gestational diabetes?

The main reason it is important for women to be monitored beyond a gestational diabetes pregnancy is that over half of the women who have had gestational diabetes end up developing type 2 diabetes within 10 years of giving birth. Unfortunately, many times, women who had gestational diabetes are likely only to be tested immediately after birth, even though the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that women get tested for diabetes four to 12 weeks postpartum or every one to three years after birth.

The important thing to remember is that with thorough attention and care, outcomes can be great. Hang in there. You will get through this!

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14 outdoor toys your kids will want to play with beyond summer

They transition seamlessly for indoor play.

With Labor day weekend in the rearview and back-to-school in full swing, most parents are fresh out of boxes to check on their "Fun Concierge" hit list. It's also the point of diminishing returns on investing in summer-only toys. So with that in mind, we've rounded up some of our favorite toys that are not only built to last but will easily make the transition from outdoor to indoor play. Even better, they're Montessori-friendly and largely open-ended so your kids can get a ton of use out of them.

From sunny backyard afternoons to rainy mornings stuck inside, these toys are sure to keep little ones engaged and entertained.

Meadow ring toss game

Plan Toys meadow ring toss game

Besides offering a fantastic opportunity to hone focus, coordination, determination and taking turns, lawn games are just plain fun. Set them up close together for the littles and spread them out when Mom and Dad get in on the action. With their low profile and rope rings, they're great for indoors as well.


Balance board

Plan Toys balance board

Balance boards are a fabulous way to get the wiggles out. This one comes with a rope attachment, making it suitable for even the youngest wigglers. From practicing their balance and building core strength to working on skills that translate to skateboarding and snowboarding, it's a year-round physical activity that's easy to bring inside and use between Zoom classes, too!


Detective set

Plan Toys detective setDetective Set

This set has everything your little detective needs to solve whatever mystery they might encounter: an eye glasses, walkie-talkie, camera, a red lens, a periscope and a bag. Neighborhood watch? Watch out.


Wooden doll stroller

Janod wooden doll strollerWooden Doll Stroller

Take their charges on a stroll around the block with this classic doll stroller. With the same versatility they're used to in their own ride, this heirloom quality carriage allows their doll or stuffy to face them or face the world.


Sand play set

Plan Toys sand set

Whether you're hitting the beach or the backyard sandbox, this adorable wooden sand set is ready for action. Each scoop has an embossed pattern that's perfect for sand stamping. They're also totally suitable for water play in the wild or the bathtub.


Water play set

Plan Toys water play set

Filled with sand or water, this tabletop sized activity set keeps little ones busy, quiet and happy. (A mama's ideal trifecta 😉). It's big enough to satisfy their play needs but not so big it's going to flood your floors if you bring the fun inside on a rainy day.


Mini golf set

Plan Toys mini golf set

Fore! This mini golf set is lawn and living room ready. Set up a backyard competition or incorporate into homeschooling brain breaks that shift focus and build concentration.


Vintage scooter balance bike

Janod retro scooter balance bike

Pedals are so 2010. Balance bikes are the way to go for learning to ride a bike while skipping the training wheels stage altogether. This impossibly cool retro scooter-style is built to cruise the neighborhood or open indoor space as they're learning.


Wooden rocking pegasus

plan toys wooden rocking pegasus

Your little will be ready to take flight on this fun pegasus. It gently rocks back and forth, but doesn't skimp on safety—its winged saddle, footrests and backrest ensure kids won't fall off whether they're rocking inside or outside.


Croquet set

Plan Toys croquet set

The cutest croquet set we've ever seen! With adorable animal face wooden balls and a canvas bag for easy clean up, it's also crafted to stick around awhile. Round after round, it's great for teaching kiddos math and problem-solving skills as well.


Wooden digital camera

fathers factory wooden digital camera

Kids get the chance to assemble the camera on their own then can adventure anywhere to capture the best moments. With two detachable magnetic lenses, four built-in filters and video recorder, your little photographer can tap into their creativity from summertime to the holidays.


Wooden bulldozer toy

plan toys wooden bulldozer toy

Whether they're digging up sand in the backyad or picking up toys inside, kids can get as creative as they want picking up and moving things around. Even better? Its wooden structure means it's not an eye sore to look at wherever your digger drops it.


Pull-along hippo

janod toys pull along hippo toy

There's just something so fun about a classic pull-along toy and we love that they seamlessly transition between indoor and outdoor play. Crafted from solid cherry and beechwood, it's tough enough to endure outdoor spaces your toddler takes it on.


Baby forest fox ride-on

janod toys baby fox ride on

Toddlers will love zooming around on this fox ride-on, and it's a great transition toy into traditional balance bikes. If you take it for a driveway adventure, simply use a damp cloth to wipe down the wheels before bringing back inside.


We independently select and share the products we love—and may receive a commission if you choose to buy. You've got this.


I never wanted to be a mom. It wasn't something I ever thought would happen until I fell madly in love with my husband—who knew very well he wanted children. While he was a natural at entertaining our nephews or our friends' kids, I would awkwardly try to interact with them, not really knowing what to say or do.

Our first pregnancy was a surprise, a much-wanted one but also a unicorn, "first try" kind of pregnancy. As my belly grew bigger, so did my insecurities. How do you even mom when you never saw motherhood in your future? I focused all my uncertainties on coming up with a plan for the delivery of my baby—which proved to be a terrible idea when my dreamed-of unmedicated vaginal birth turned into an emergency C-section. I couldn't even start motherhood the way I wanted, I thought. And that feeling happened again when I couldn't breastfeed and instead had to pump and bottle-feed. And once more, when all the stress from things not going my way turned into debilitating postpartum anxiety that left me not really enjoying my brand new baby.

As my baby grew, slowly so did my confidence that I could do this. When he would tumble to the ground while learning how to walk and only my hugs could calm him, I felt invincible. But on the nights he wouldn't sleep—whether because he was going through a regression, a leap, a teeth eruption or just a full moon—I would break down in tears to my husband telling him that he was a better parent than me.

Then I found out I was pregnant again, and that this time it was twins. I panicked. I really cannot do two babies at the same time. I kept repeating that to myself (and to my poor husband) at every single appointment we had because I was just terrified. He, of course, thought I could absolutely do it, and he got me through a very hard pregnancy.

When the twins were born at full term and just as big as singleton babies, I still felt inadequate, despite the monumental effort I had made to grow these healthy babies and go through a repeat C-section to make sure they were both okay. I still felt my skin crawl when they cried and thought, What if I can't calm them down? I still turned to my husband for diaper changes because I wasn't a good enough mom for twins.

My husband reminded me (and still does) that I am exactly what my babies need. That I am enough. A phrase that has now become my mantra, both in motherhood and beyond, because as my husband likes to say, I'm the queen of selling myself short on everything.

So when my babies start crying, I tell myself that I am enough to calm them down.

When my toddler has a tantrum, I remind myself that I am enough to get through to him.

When I go out with the three kids by myself and start sweating about everything that could go wrong (poop explosions times three), I remind myself that I am enough to handle it all, even with a little humor.

And then one day I found this bracelet. Initially, I thought how cheesy it'd be to wear a reminder like this on my wrist, but I bought it anyway because something about it was calling my name. I'm so glad I did because since day one I haven't stopped wearing it.

Every time I look down, there it is, shining back at me. I am enough.

I Am Enough bracelet 

SONTAKEY  I Am Enough Bracelet

May this Oath Bracelet be your reminder that you are perfect just the way you are. That you are enough for your children, you are enough for your friends & family, you are enough for everything that you do. You are enough, mama <3


We independently select and share the products we love—and may receive a commission if you choose to buy. You've got this.


The American Academy of Pediatrics says that newborns, especially, do not need a bath every day. While parents should make sure the diaper region of a baby is clean, until a baby learns how to crawl around and truly get messy, a daily bath is unnecessary.

So, why do we feel like kids should bathe every day?

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